Kabul: The Taliban have committed a large number of human rights abuses in Afghanistan since being formed in madrasas of northern Pakistan in 1993-94.
Let us have a look at some of the worst atrocities committed by this Pakistan-backed terrorist group.
– On August 8, 1998, the Taliban carried out massacre of ethnic minorities and Shia muslims after capturing the city of Mazar-i Sharif in northwest Afghanistan from rival Afghan factions.
Taliban fighters carried out systematic killings of male members of the ethnic Hazara, Tajik, and Uzbek communities in Mazar-i Sharif. A Persian-speaking ethnic minority group belonging to the Shia sect, the Hazaras were particularly targeted due to their religious identity.
Eight Iranian officials at the Iranian consulate in Mazar-i Sharif and an Iranian journalist Also killed . Thousands of men from various ethnic communities were transported to other cities, including Shiberghan, Herat and Kandahar. Most of the prisoners were transported in large container trucks and many died along the way due to asphyxiation or heat stroke inside the closed metal containers.
According to estimates by various agencies, around 20,000 people were killed by the Taliban in Mazar-i Sharif during this period.
– Comprising mainly of Sunni Pashtuns from southern and eastern Afghanistan, the Taliban have been particularly harsh on the Shia Hazaras due to their ethnic and religious identity.
Hazara activists claim that in the years following the massacre in Mazar-i Sharif in 1998, the Taliban killed 15,000 Hazaras during their military campaigns in northern and central Afghanistan.
– One of the biggest victims of the Afghan war are the children of Afghanistan. Earlier this year, 27 children were killed and over 130 were injured during a Taliban offensive in southern Afghanistan.
– Last month, the Taliban added yet another crime to their lost list of human rights abuses when they killed 22 members of the Afghan special forces who had already surrendered.
Videos of the incident, which had become viral on social media, showed the unarmed commandos being deliberately shot by the Taliban despite repeated requests by onlookers.
In one video, a bystander can be heard saying in Pashto: “Don’t shoot them, don’t shoot them, I beg you don’t shoot them.” The bystander then asks: “How are you Pashtun killing Afghans?”