New Delhi: Cirrhosis is a late-stage liver disease that occurs when scarring (fibrosis) of the liver forms many types of liver disease like, hepatitis and alcoholism. Fibrosis is the formation of an abnormally large amount of scar tissue in the liver. This tissue blocks the blood flow through the liver and affects the ability of our liver to process nutrients, hormones, drugs and natural toxins. Scar tissue reduces the production of proteins and more substances produced by the liver. In cirrhosis, healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue and the liver gets permanently damaged and causes cell death and inflammation.
Alcohol and viral hepatitis B and C are the common causes of cirrhosis. It causes weakness, loss of appetite, easy bruising, yellowness in the skin, itching, irritation, liver cancer, liver failure. Being overweight may lead to cirrhosis, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis or imprudent consumption of alcohol is a risk factor for cirrhosis.
Here are some steps to prevent and reduce the risk of cirrhosis:
1. Avoid alcohol- Stop consuming alcohol if you have cirrhosis, liver disease because we already know that alcohol damages our liver.
2. Start a healthy diet plan- Eat a plant-based diet that fills with fruits and vegetables nutritious. Select whole grains and eat food that are good sources of protein and reduce the amount of fatty and fried foods because excess fat can damage your liver.
3. Maintain a healthy weight- A high amount of body fat can damage your liver. Consult with your dietitian about a weight-loss diet chat, if you are obese or overweight.
4. Keep hepatitis at bay- Sharing needles and having unprotected sex and using one needle more than one time can increase the risk of hepatitis B and C. Consult with your doctor about hepatitis vaccination.