Daily Mail India
Daily Mail India

This is why petrol, diesel prices keep on increasing … Know full details

New Delhi: The financial disaster triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic has as soon as once more shifted consideration of each the Centre and the states in the direction of the oil sector to generate extra income for assembly the spending wants for exigencies.

The milking of the sector for income has gone to such an extent that frequent shoppers have turned the beast of burden carrying the load of upper central and state taxes and paying for jacked up auto gas prices at a time when international oil prices stay reasonable after the historic pricing crash witnessed in early May.

Since March this yr, simply earlier than the nationwide lockdown was introduced, the Centre has raised excise obligation on petrol and diesel by an unprecedented Rs 13 and Rs 16 per litre, respectively, in two instalments. This itself will present the Centre extra income to the tune of Rs 2,25,000 crore in a single full yr.

Moreover, the Centre can additional elevate obligation on the 2 merchandise by Rs 3-6 per litre, thereby elevating one other Rs 50,000-60,000 crore. So, the overall earnings for the Centre from petroleum merchandise itself might high Rs 2,75,000 crore in extra income apart from over Rs 2,15,000 that it already will get in a yr as excise income from the petroleum sector.

The states usually are not far behind with Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Karnataka, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Delhi and some others elevating VAT on petroleum merchandise to satisfy the shortfall of their GST collections.

The state governments’ income from the levy of gross sales tax/VAT on petroleum merchandise has been rising constantly since 2014-15 when it stood at Rs 1,37,157 crore, to Rs 2,01,265 crore in 2018-19. In 2019-20, the states have earned Rs 2,00,247 crore from taxes on petroleum merchandise.

All this has come at a time when oil markets globally have grow to be beneficial for main power importing international locations like India that meets over 85 per cent of its oil wants by imports.

Even now, international oil prices are greater than 40 per cent decrease than the January ranges however retail prices of petrol and diesel have overshot the January ranges, a lot to the discomfort of the shoppers who’re already bearing the brunt of the financial disaster with wage cuts or job losses or extreme squeezing of enterprise operations.

“The greed for revenue has always turned governments towards petroleum products which have now become easy to tax without much backlash. But the situation has denied the consumers of an opportunity to pay for petrol and diesel at almost 2005-06 prices that would have been a big relief for them in this difficult period,” mentioned an oil sector analyst, who requested to not be named.

International crude prices are hovering at round $41 a barrel. At comparable stage of crude prices or a bit larger within the years 2004-05, 2015-16 and 2016-17, the retail value of petrol hovered round Rs 35 a litre, Rs 60 a litre and Rs 65 a litre, respectively.

Diesel prices throughout these years moved from Rs 39 a litre to Rs 45 and Rs 52 a litre on a mean. But the retail value of petrol and diesel on Monday stood at Rs 80.43 and Rs 80.53 a litre, respectively, in Delhi though crude is round $41 a barrel.

“Petrol and diesel prices could have fallen to unprecedented low levels in April and May when crude dropped to just about $20 a barrel. But tax increases kept with oil companies did not allow to raise retail prices, and kept consumers from savouring the benefit of low fuel prices,” the analyst quoted earlier mentioned.

Even although the Centre and state governments raised taxes on the 2 petroleum merchandise, oil corporations have been requested to not elevate the retail prices since March 14. So when, oil corporations got a go forward they usually stared day by day value revision, petrol and diesel prices went up on 22 of the 23 days since June 7 by over Rs 11 per litre though throughout this era international oil market remained pretty secure with crude hovering between $40 and $42 a barrel.

Taxes on petroleum merchandise and its non-inclusion into the GST fold is the prime motive why it has grow to be the milking cow for governments for any exigencies. Picture this, the bottom value of each petrol and diesel is round Rs 22 per litre, however the retail value is Rs 80 a litre, which means that taxes account for greater than 200 per cent of the worth of the product.


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